Periods of Okinawan History
The periods of Okinawan history are divided up differently from those of Japan.
Paleolithic Period (ends c. 10,000 BCE)
Shell Mound Period (c. 10,000 BCE - c. 1000 CE)
- c. 7000 BCE - 300 BCE - Early Shell Mound Period
- c. 300 BCE - 1000 CE - Late Shell Mound Period
- Hunter-gatherer subsistence society until c. 800 CE
- Beginnings of agricultural subsistence c. 800 CE
- Shell exchanges from c. 600 BCE to 1200 CE
Gusuku Period (1100s-1429)
- 1187-1259 - Shunten Dynasty
- 1260 - c. 1354 - Eiso Dynasty
- 1314-1429 - Sanzan Period (Okinawa Island is divided into three kingdoms: Nanzan, Chûzan, and Hokuzan)
Kingdom Period (1429-1879)
- 1406-1469 - First Shô Dynasty
- 1469-1879 - Second Shô Dynasty
- 1609-1872 - Period under Satsuma han
- 1872-1879 - Ryûkyû han
Modern Period (1879 - present)
Incorporation into modern state of Japan as Okinawa Prefecture.
- 1879-1912 - Meiji Period
- 1912-1945 - Pre-war & World War II
- 1945-1972 - US Occupation
- 1972 - present - Reversion
Periodization in Sakishima
- Shell Mound Period prior to earthenware
- Shell Mound Period after introduction of earthenware
- Third Period (13th-15th centuries)
- Fourth Period (16th-17th centuries)
- Ryûkyû Kingdom Period
- Modern Period
- Suzuki Kakichi, et al. "Ryukyuan Architecture: Its History and Features," Okinawa bijutsu zenshû 沖縄美術全集, vol 5, Okinawa Times (1989), 89.
- Shell Mound periodization from Richard Pearson, Ancient Ryukyu, University of Hawaii Press (2013), 3.