- Japanese: 銀座 (ginza)
Ginza was transformed into a rather modern commercial district as early as 1872, with funding and planning from the Meiji government. Shinbashi Station, the railroad gateway to Tokyo for anyone coming from Yokohama, opened in that year and lay just south of the Ginza, while the Foreign Concessions in Tokyo lay just to the east. A tree-lined central boulevard, flanked by gas lamps, arcades, the first sidewalks in Japan, and two-story Georgian-style brick buildings, a "showcase" of Tokyo's modernity, was completed in May 1877.
- Arai Hakuseki, Joyce Ackroyd (trans.), Told Round a Brushwood Fire, University of Tokyo Press (1979), 297n248.
- Takashi Fujitani, Splendid Monarchy, UC Press (1998), 71.
- Henry Smith II, "Tokyo as an Idea: An Exploration of Japanese Urban Thought until 1945," Journal of Japanese Studies 4:1 (1978), 53-54.