- Japanese: 同心 (doushin)
Dôshin were patrolmen who served under yoriki (constables), and answered to the Edo City Magistrates (Edo machi bugyô). There were typically around two hundred doshin active in Edo, and most held their positions in a hereditary manner.
- Arai Hakuseki, Joyce Ackroyd (trans.), Told Round a Brushwood Fire, University of Tokyo Press (1979), 319.
- Katô Takashi, "Governing Edo," in James McClain (ed.), Edo & Paris, Cornell University Press (1994), 51.