He studied under Oyamada Tomokiyo, and formed a writers' group called the Tanki-kai along with Takizawa Bakin and Yashiro Hirokata. He also associated and exchanged ideas with the likes of Ryûtei Tanehiko and Nakamura Butsuan, and with the Tôenkai, a group which organized exhibits of historical documents. Devoting himself to study and writing, he allowed his business to fall into disarray.
- "Yamazaki Yoshishige," Bijutsu jinmei jiten, Shibunkaku.
- Yokoyama Manabu 横山学, Ryûkyû koku shisetsu torai no kenkyû 琉球国使節渡来の研究, Tokyo: Yoshikawa kôbunkan (1987), 43n23.