- Chinese: 謝 赫 (Xiè Hè)
Xie He was a 6th century painter from the Chinese polity of Southern Qi, known for his Six Laws of Painting (繪畫六法, Huìhuà liùfǎ), oft-cited and aspired to throughout later traditional Chinese painting.
- Xie's first principle, perhaps the most important in some senses, but also the most difficult to translate, speaks of the importance of imbuing one's painting with spirit and vitality (qi).
- The second principle speaks of the "bones" of the brushstroke, emphasizing the importance of solid structure in one's brushstrokes in painting, just as in calligraphy.
- The third principle speaks of the importance of depicting the subject faithfully.
- The fourth principle emphasizes faithfulness in the use of color.
- The fifth principle emphasizes the importance of careful planning in the layout and arrangement of elements within the painting, i.e. composition.
- The sixth principle emphasizes the importance of copying the great masters in order to learn and perfect one's art.
- Conrad Schirokauer, et al, A Brief History of Chinese and Japanese Civilizations, Fourth Edition, Cengage Learning (2012), 95-96.