Tani Sanjurô was a Bitchu Matsuyama han samurai. His kenjutsu style was Jikishin Ryu and Shin-Kage Ryu. It's unknown when he joined the Shinsengumi, however his name was on the list of the Ikedaya bonus conferment. While he was stationed in Osaka with his brother Tani Mantarô, they raided the Zenzaiya in 1865. In 1866, he was found dead near the Yasaka shrine in Kyoto. His grave is in the Koen-ji.
Tani Sanjurô in Fiction
- Yari wa Hozoin (槍は宝蔵院) Shiba Ryotaro
- Shinsengumi Taishi Den (新選組隊士伝) Gakken
- Shinsengumi Zentaishi Tettei Guide (新選組全隊士徹底ガイド) Maeda Masaki