- Japanese: 白拍子 (shirabyoushi)
Shirabyôshi were court dancers of the Heian and early Kamakura periods. They were typically women who dressed as men, in hakama, eboshi, and a wide-sleeved over-robe called a suikan, and carried a folding fan and kotsuzumi (shoulder drum). Some of the most famous shirabyôshi in legend and literature are Shizuka Gozen, Giô, and Gijo, from the Tale of the Heike.
- Shelley Fenno Quinn, Developing Zeami, University of Hawaii Press (2005), 54-55.