- Established: 1272
- Other Names: 西大谷 (nishi ootani)
- Japanese: 大谷本廟 (ootani honbyou)
Ôtani-honbyô (lit. "Ôtani Main Temple/Mausoleum") is one of two sites in Kyoto said to hold (some of) the cremated remains of Shinran(1173-1262), founder of the Jôdo Shinshû sect of Buddhism; the other is called Ôtani-sobyô (大谷祖廟, "Ôtani Ancestor Temple/Mausoleum"). Ôtani-honbyô is also commonly known as Nishi-Ôtani.
It is located in the Higashiyama area of the city, near Kiyomizu-dera. When Shinran died in 1262, something simple was placed around his grave. Ten years later, in 1272, a new hall was built nearby, at the residence of Shinran's eldest daughter, Kakushin-ni, and his remains were moved there. In 1277, she shared the land with her disciples, who then passed it on to their disciples, and so forth, down through the generations.
- "Ôtani honbyô." Sekai daihyakka jiten 世界大百科事典. Hitachi Solutions, 2012.