- Japanese/Okinawan: ノロ (noro, nuru)
Prior to the 16th century, noro had considerable local power. In the 16th century, however, King Shô Shin significantly reduced the noro's power, establishing a new hierarchy of priestesses, more closely controlled by the government, and headed by his sister, the kikoe-ôgimi. Under this new system, noro were appointed and granted land in each magiri; this remained a rather prestigious position, however. They often had their own assistants, called ucchigami (控神) in the case of male assistants, and niigami (根神) in the case of female ones.
- Plaques at reproduction of a noro's house, Okinawa Furusato Mura, Ocean Expo Park, Nakijin.
- Kerr, George H. (2000). Okinawa: the History of an Island People. (revised ed.) Boston: Tuttle Publishing, 111.
- "Oroku ma~i" 小禄ま～い. Pamphlet. Naha City Board of Education Cultural Properties Division 那覇市教育委員会文化財課, 1989.