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(Created page with "*''Born: 1648'' *''Died: 1724'' *''Japanese'': 西川 如見 ''(Nishikawa Joken)'' Nishikawa Joken was a prominent scholar of the 17th and early 18th centuries, k...")
 
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Nishikawa Joken was a prominent scholar of the 17th and early 18th centuries, known for his writings on ''tengaku'' (celestial sciences) and on the peoples of the world. Joken is regarded as one of the earliest Japanese scholars to engage with and promote European observational approaches to astronomy.
 
Nishikawa Joken was a prominent scholar of the 17th and early 18th centuries, known for his writings on ''tengaku'' (celestial sciences) and on the peoples of the world. Joken is regarded as one of the earliest Japanese scholars to engage with and promote European observational approaches to astronomy.
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Joken was born into a townsman (''chônin'') family in [[Nagasaki]]. He is believed to have studied astronomy under [[Kobayashi Kentei]] ([[1601]]-[[1684]])<!--小林謙貞-->.
  
 
Joken published one of his most famous works on peoples and places of the world, ''[[Kai tsusho ko|Ka'i tsûshô kô]]'', in [[1695]]. This original version was in two volumes, and described the lands of China, Korea, Ryukyu, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, and Europe, and their peoples. In [[1709]], Joken published an expanded version, ''Zôho ka'i tsûshô kô'', covering the same subjects in five volumes.
 
Joken published one of his most famous works on peoples and places of the world, ''[[Kai tsusho ko|Ka'i tsûshô kô]]'', in [[1695]]. This original version was in two volumes, and described the lands of China, Korea, Ryukyu, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, and Europe, and their peoples. In [[1709]], Joken published an expanded version, ''Zôho ka'i tsûshô kô'', covering the same subjects in five volumes.
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Though Joken never achieved the position of ''[[tenmongata]]'' (astronomy/calendrics official for the [[Tokugawa shogunate]]), his son [[Nishikawa Seikyu|Nishikawa Seikyû]] ([[1693]]-[[1756]])<!--西川正休--> did.
  
 
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Revision as of 07:07, 24 June 2020

Nishikawa Joken was a prominent scholar of the 17th and early 18th centuries, known for his writings on tengaku (celestial sciences) and on the peoples of the world. Joken is regarded as one of the earliest Japanese scholars to engage with and promote European observational approaches to astronomy.

Joken was born into a townsman (chônin) family in Nagasaki. He is believed to have studied astronomy under Kobayashi Kentei (1601-1684).

Joken published one of his most famous works on peoples and places of the world, Ka'i tsûshô kô, in 1695. This original version was in two volumes, and described the lands of China, Korea, Ryukyu, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, and Europe, and their peoples. In 1709, Joken published an expanded version, Zôho ka'i tsûshô kô, covering the same subjects in five volumes.

Though Joken never achieved the position of tenmongata (astronomy/calendrics official for the Tokugawa shogunate), his son Nishikawa Seikyû (1693-1756) did.

References

  • Daniel Said Monteiro, "Celestial Sciences in the Works of Nishikawa Joken (1648-1724)," Historia Scientarium 29-1 (2019), 112-135.
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