Nakayama Miki, the wife of a merchant, founded a sect of Shinto called Tenrikyô in 1838. Tenrikyô became popular in particular during the uncertainty of the Bakumatsu Period. Miki saw the coming changes as a religious sign, however the sect was marginalized by the government after the Meiji Restoration.
- Wilson, George M. Plots and Motives in Japan's Meiji Restoration, Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 25, No. 3