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[[File:Maitreya83.jpg|right|thumb|400px|Replica on display at Incheon Airport of [[National Treasure of Korea]] #83, a gilt-bronze Maitreya sculpture very closely related in style to the 7th century [[Koryu-ji|Kôryû-ji]] sculpture which was the first to be designated a [[National Treasure]] in Japan]]
  
 
Buddhism is believed to have been introduced into the Korean kingdoms of [[Koguryo]] and [[Paekche]] in the 4th century, via the [[Northern Wei Dynasty]] ([[386]]-[[534]]), a dynasty of the [[Tuoba]] people, a Turkic people descended from the [[Xianbei]].<ref name=rawski123>Evelyn Rawski, ''Early Modern China and Northeast Asia: Cross-Border Perspectives'', Cambridge University Press (2015), 123-125.</ref> Though Korea initially copied Chinese styles of Buddhist sculpture, distinctive styles later emerged in each of the [[Three Kingdoms (Korea)|Three Kingdoms]]. These styles then merged into a single set of typical styles following the unification of Korea under the kingdom of [[Silla]] in the 7th century.
 
Buddhism is believed to have been introduced into the Korean kingdoms of [[Koguryo]] and [[Paekche]] in the 4th century, via the [[Northern Wei Dynasty]] ([[386]]-[[534]]), a dynasty of the [[Tuoba]] people, a Turkic people descended from the [[Xianbei]].<ref name=rawski123>Evelyn Rawski, ''Early Modern China and Northeast Asia: Cross-Border Perspectives'', Cambridge University Press (2015), 123-125.</ref> Though Korea initially copied Chinese styles of Buddhist sculpture, distinctive styles later emerged in each of the [[Three Kingdoms (Korea)|Three Kingdoms]]. These styles then merged into a single set of typical styles following the unification of Korea under the kingdom of [[Silla]] in the 7th century.
  
[[Tang Dynasty]] sculptural styles had a notable influence in the 7th-8th centuries, and Korean Buddhist sculpture developed into a "mature classical style" in the 8th century, a period sometimes described as a "golden age" for Korean Buddhist art.
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[[Tang Dynasty]] sculptural styles had a notable influence in the 7th-8th centuries, and Korean Buddhist sculpture developed into a "mature classical style" in the 8th century, a period sometimes described as a "golden age" for Korean Buddhist art. Meanwhile, the supply of [[copper]] dwindled, and the construction of Buddhist sculpture in [[iron]] - not widely used in Chinese or Japanese sculpture at all - flourished.
  
 
Chinese influences faded beginning in the 9th century, and the 10th to 12th centuries saw considerable growth and development in native Korean styles, including the production of a number of colossal Buddhist images. Buddhism and Buddhist sculpture flourished in the [[Goryeo]] Kingdom ([[918]]-[[1392]]), and came to be influenced by Tibeto-Mongolian styles in the 13th-14th centuries as the [[Mongols|Mongol]] [[Yuan Dynasty]] rose to dominance in China.
 
Chinese influences faded beginning in the 9th century, and the 10th to 12th centuries saw considerable growth and development in native Korean styles, including the production of a number of colossal Buddhist images. Buddhism and Buddhist sculpture flourished in the [[Goryeo]] Kingdom ([[918]]-[[1392]]), and came to be influenced by Tibeto-Mongolian styles in the 13th-14th centuries as the [[Mongols|Mongol]] [[Yuan Dynasty]] rose to dominance in China.
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==See also==
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*[[Buddhist sculpture]]
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*[[Buddhist sculpture in China]]
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*[[Buddhist sculpture in Ryukyu]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
*Gallery labels, National Museum of Korea.[https://www.flickr.com/photos/toranosuke/48312383256/sizes/l]
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*Gallery labels, National Museum of Korea.[https://www.flickr.com/photos/toranosuke/48312383256/sizes/l][https://www.flickr.com/photos/toranosuke/48312405591/in/photostream/]
 
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[[Category:Buddhism]]
 
[[Category:Buddhism]]
 
[[Category:Art and Architecture]]
 
[[Category:Art and Architecture]]

Latest revision as of 08:00, 11 August 2019

Replica on display at Incheon Airport of National Treasure of Korea #83, a gilt-bronze Maitreya sculpture very closely related in style to the 7th century Kôryû-ji sculpture which was the first to be designated a National Treasure in Japan

Buddhism is believed to have been introduced into the Korean kingdoms of Koguryo and Paekche in the 4th century, via the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), a dynasty of the Tuoba people, a Turkic people descended from the Xianbei.[1] Though Korea initially copied Chinese styles of Buddhist sculpture, distinctive styles later emerged in each of the Three Kingdoms. These styles then merged into a single set of typical styles following the unification of Korea under the kingdom of Silla in the 7th century.

Tang Dynasty sculptural styles had a notable influence in the 7th-8th centuries, and Korean Buddhist sculpture developed into a "mature classical style" in the 8th century, a period sometimes described as a "golden age" for Korean Buddhist art. Meanwhile, the supply of copper dwindled, and the construction of Buddhist sculpture in iron - not widely used in Chinese or Japanese sculpture at all - flourished.

Chinese influences faded beginning in the 9th century, and the 10th to 12th centuries saw considerable growth and development in native Korean styles, including the production of a number of colossal Buddhist images. Buddhism and Buddhist sculpture flourished in the Goryeo Kingdom (918-1392), and came to be influenced by Tibeto-Mongolian styles in the 13th-14th centuries as the Mongol Yuan Dynasty rose to dominance in China.

The adoption of neo-Confucianism as the official political philosophy of state under the Joseon dynasty (1392-1897) brought some considerable suppression of Buddhism; however, images continued to be constructed and worshipped throughout that period, down to today.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  • Gallery labels, National Museum of Korea.[1][2]
  1. Evelyn Rawski, Early Modern China and Northeast Asia: Cross-Border Perspectives, Cambridge University Press (2015), 123-125.
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