- Bakufu loyalists Vs. Imperial loyalists (Meiji government)
- Japanese: 戊辰戦争 (Boshin Sensou)
The Boshin war was the civil war in which the new Meiji government finished off the last of the Pro-Tokugawa loyalists.
Battle of Toba-Fushimi
- See also Battle of Toba-Fushimi
Battle of Koshu-Katsunuma
- See also Battle of Kôshû-Katsunuma
Surrender of Edo
3/6 The Imperial troops planned to attack the Edo castle in 3/15. Bakufu retainer Yamaoka Tesshu visited Saigô Takamori in Sunpu to negotiate the terms of capitulation. Saigo Takamori entered Edo in 3/13 and had a meeting with Army minister Katsu Kaishu to negotiate the surrender of the Edo castle. As the result, the Imperial troops entered Edo without blood in 4/11. That same day, Tokugawa Yoshinobu left Edo and headed to Mito.
Battle of Utsunomiya castle
- See also Battle of Utsunomiya castle
The Bakufu retainers who refused to surrender made resistance against the Imperial troops. 4/19, the Bakufu troops occupied the Utsunomiya castle but they were defeated by the reinforcements of the Imperial troops in 4 days.
Battle of Ueno
- See also Battle of Ueno
Battle of Hokuetsu
- See also Battle of Hokuetsu
Battle of Aizu
- See also Battle of Aizu
The battles over Shirakawa castle took 3 months. The Imperial troops defeated Aizu at Bonari pass in 8/21, Aizu surrendered in 9/22.
Battle of Hakodate
- See also Battle of Hakodate
Enomoto Takeaki and former Bakufu retainers took Bakufu's fleet to Ezo, occupied Goryôkaku fort in 10/26 and established the local government. They attempted the Naval Battle of Miyako Bay but it was failed. 1869/4/9 the imperial troops landed Otobe, 5/18 former Bakufu troops surrendered.
- Bakumatsu Boshin Seinan Senso (幕末戊辰西南戦争), Gakken
- Takashi Fujitani, Splendid Monarchy, University of California Press (1996), 40.