Meiji 38 (明治三十八年)
Timeline of 1905
- 1905/9 Yamamoto Kanae, Ishii Hakutei, Ishii Tsuruzô, and a few others found the magazine Heitan.
- 1905/9/5-7 Hibiya Riots: The people of Tokyo riot in protest of the results of peace negotiations following the end of the Russo-Japanese War. This marks possibly the first major urban riots of the modern period.
- 1905/11 The word hanga (版画), meaning "prints", is first coined, appearing in the magazine Heitan.
- 1905/1/1 Siege of Port Arthur ends.
- 1905/1/25-1/29 Battle of Sandepu
- 1905/2/21-3/10 Battle of Mukden
- 1905/5 Russian Second Pacific Squadron, which departed the Baltic the previous year, arrives in the South China Sea.
- 1905/5/27-28 Battle of Tsushima
- 1905/7/7-7/31 Battle of Karafuto
- 1905/9/5 Treaty of Portsmouth marks the end of the Russo-Japanese War.
- 1905/10/22 Admiral Tôgô Heihachirô participates in a triumphal victory parade held in conjunction with his journey from Shinbashi Station to the Tokyo Imperial Palace to formally report to the Emperor on his victory and triumphal return. The Emperor receives him in the palace, wearing a naval uniform (rather than an army uniform) for the first time.
- 1905/10/23 From the deck of the battleship Asama, the Meiji Emperor performs a formal military review of two hundred warships anchored in Tokyo Bay, comprising nearly the entirety of the Imperial Japanese Navy, including five submarines, as well as several warships captured from China and Russia.
- 1905/12/7 A grand triumphal victory parade is held featuring Field Marshal Ôyama Iwao.
Other Events of 1905
- The Anglo-Japanese Alliance is revised and renewed.
- The Book of Tea by Okakura Kakuzô is published.
- The Chinese imperial examination system is abolished.
- A major earthquake, known as the Geiyo earthquake, strikes the Hiroshima region.
- Hanashiro Chômo compiles his textbook Karate Kumite, which is the first to render karate as 空手 ("empty hand") rather than as 唐手 ("Chinese hand").
- The Japanese wolf becomes extinct.
- Natsume Sôseki's Wagahai neko de aru ("I Am a Cat") is published.
- Three hundred eighty-seven Okinawan emigrants depart Kobe for New Caledonia, becoming the first Okinawans to settle there.
Births and Deaths
- Painter Tateishi Tetsuomi is born in Taiwan (d. 1980).
- Yoshihara Jirô, founder of the Gutai movement, is born (d. 1972).
- Zhao Shao-an, Chinese guohua painter, is born (d. 1998).