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(Other Events of 1872)
(Other Events of 1872)
 
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*1872/1 Ijichi Sadaka meets with the Ryukyuan regent to discuss administrative policy in the islands, under the new [[Meiji government]].
 
*1872/1 Ijichi Sadaka meets with the Ryukyuan regent to discuss administrative policy in the islands, under the new [[Meiji government]].
 
*1872/3/10 The [[Tokyo National Museum]] opens.
 
*1872/3/10 The [[Tokyo National Museum]] opens.
 +
*1872/4 Order Number 133, issued by the [[Ministry of State]], abolishes public laws against the breach by clergy of their Buddhist vows.
 
*1872/4/24 Deputy [[Finance Minister]] [[Inoue Kaoru]] suggests ending [[Kingdom of Ryukyu|Ryûkyû's]] [[tribute|tributary relations]] with China and incorporating Ryûkyû into Japan. The [[Minister of the Left]] opposes this suggestion, arguing that Ryûkyû should remain subordinate and not be made a ''[[han]]'' or otherwise counted as ''naichi'', and further that since the Ryukyuans are ethnically not Japanese, the Ryukyuan king and royal family should not be made ''[[kazoku]]'' (Japanese aristocracy).
 
*1872/4/24 Deputy [[Finance Minister]] [[Inoue Kaoru]] suggests ending [[Kingdom of Ryukyu|Ryûkyû's]] [[tribute|tributary relations]] with China and incorporating Ryûkyû into Japan. The [[Minister of the Left]] opposes this suggestion, arguing that Ryûkyû should remain subordinate and not be made a ''[[han]]'' or otherwise counted as ''naichi'', and further that since the Ryukyuans are ethnically not Japanese, the Ryukyuan king and royal family should not be made ''[[kazoku]]'' (Japanese aristocracy).
 +
*1872/5 The first railroad stations and lines are opened, connecting [[Yokohama]] (today, [[Sakuragicho Station|Sakuragichô Station]]) with [[Shinagawa Station|Shinagawa]].
 
*1872/5 Officials from Tokyo meet with Ryukyuan officials to discuss economic matters, including the end of the minting of Okinawan coinage (which had been minted in Satsuma up until that point).
 
*1872/5 Officials from Tokyo meet with Ryukyuan officials to discuss economic matters, including the end of the minting of Okinawan coinage (which had been minted in Satsuma up until that point).
*1872/6 The Meiji government requests, via the authorities in [[Kagoshima prefecture]], that the Ryûkyû Kingdom is ordered to send messengers to officially congratulate the [[Emperor Meiji|Meiji Emperor]] on the success of the [[Meiji Restoration]].
+
*1872/c. 6 The [[Meiji Emperor]] begins an Imperial tour of the provinces in [[Kagoshima prefecture|Kagoshima]], visiting [[Tsurumaru castle]] and the [[Shokoshuseikan|Shûseikan]] factory complex, among other sites.
*1872/8/1 [[Prince Ie]] and [[Giwan Choho|Giwan Chôho]], leading a mission to Tokyo, arrive at [[Shinagawa]].
+
*1872/7/12 The Meiji government requests, via the authorities in Kagoshima prefecture, that the Ryûkyû Kingdom is ordered to send messengers to officially congratulate the Meiji Emperor on the success of the [[Meiji Restoration]].
*1872/8/12 Prince Ie and Giwan Chôho ''[[ueekata]]'' meet with Emperor Meiji.
+
*1872/7/16 Prince [[Ie Chochoku|Ie Chôchoku]] and [[Giwan Choho|Giwan Chôho]] are nominated to lead a mission of thirty-five Ryukyuan officials to [[Tokyo]].
*1872/8/26 A [[Dajokan|Dajôkan]] Proclamation has the official copies of Ryûkyû's formal treaties with [[Treaty of Amity (Ryukyu-US)|the US]], [[Treaty of Amity (Ryukyu-France)|France]], and [[Treaty of Amity (Ryukyu-Holland)|the Netherlands]] confiscated by Tokyo.
+
*1872/7/25 The Ryukyuan mission departs Ryûkyû.
*1872/8 The Kingdom of Ryûkyû is released from its vassal status under [[Kagoshima prefecture]] (formerly [[Satsuma han]]), and comes under the jurisdiction of the [[Ministry of Foreign Affairs]]. The ''[[zaiban bugyosho|zaiban bugyôsho]]'' (Satsuma's office in Ryûkyû) is abolished, and replaced by an office of the Foreign Ministry, albeit with many of the same Satsuma/Kagoshima staff.
+
*1872/9/2 Prince Ie and Giwan Chôho arrive at [[Shinagawa]].
 +
*1872/9 The railroad connecting Yokohama to Shinagawa is extended to [[Shinbashi]] ([[Shiodome]]), and is officially opened by the Meiji Emperor.
 +
*1872/9/14 Prince Ie and Giwan Chôho ''[[ueekata]]'' meet with Emperor Meiji. They are informed of the annexation by Japan of the kingdom as [[Ryukyu han|Ryûkyû han]], and the "promotion" of King [[Sho Tai|Shô Tai]] to "Lord of Ryûkyû han" and a member of the [[kazoku|peerage]]. The envoys return to [[Okinawa]] and inform King Shô Tai of this development.
 
*1872/9/18 (Oct 20) [[Charles DeLong]], US Diplomatic Minister resident in Japan, writes to [[Foreign Minister]] [[Soejima Taneomi]], asking if the Japanese government was going to honor provisions agreed to in treaties between the Ryûkyû Kingdom and foreign powers.
 
*1872/9/18 (Oct 20) [[Charles DeLong]], US Diplomatic Minister resident in Japan, writes to [[Foreign Minister]] [[Soejima Taneomi]], asking if the Japanese government was going to honor provisions agreed to in treaties between the Ryûkyû Kingdom and foreign powers.
 
*1872/9/23-27 Soejima Taneomi meets with Charles DeLong and [[Charles LeGendre]] (legal and policy advisor to the Meiji government), and is advised that since the Chinese do not exert effective (''de facto'') control over certain sections of [[Taiwan]] - those dominated by aborigines - the territory is essentially ''terra nullius'', and if Japan were to occupy the territory, under Western/modern international law, it could be rightfully Japan's.
 
*1872/9/23-27 Soejima Taneomi meets with Charles DeLong and [[Charles LeGendre]] (legal and policy advisor to the Meiji government), and is advised that since the Chinese do not exert effective (''de facto'') control over certain sections of [[Taiwan]] - those dominated by aborigines - the territory is essentially ''terra nullius'', and if Japan were to occupy the territory, under Western/modern international law, it could be rightfully Japan's.
*1872/10/14 Representatives of the Kingdom of Ryûkyû, led by Giwan Chôho, are informed in [[Tokyo]] of the annexation by Japan of the kingdom as [[Ryukyu han|Ryûkyû han]], and the "promotion" of King [[Sho Tai|Shô Tai]] to "Lord of Ryûkyû han" and a member of the [[kazoku|peerage]]. The envoys return to [[Okinawa]] and inform King Shô Tai of this development.
+
*1872/9 The Kingdom of Ryûkyû is released from its vassal status under Kagoshima prefecture (formerly [[Satsuma han]]), and comes under the jurisdiction of the [[Ministry of Foreign Affairs]]. The ''[[zaiban bugyo|zaiban bugyôsho]]'' (Satsuma's office in Ryûkyû) is abolished, and replaced by an office of the Foreign Ministry, albeit with many of the same Satsuma/Kagoshima staff.
 +
*1872/9/28 A [[Dajokan|Dajôkan]] Proclamation has the official copies of Ryûkyû's formal treaties with [[Treaty of Amity (Ryukyu-US)|the US]], [[Treaty of Amity (Ryukyu-France)|France]], and [[Treaty of Amity (Ryukyu-Holland)|the Netherlands]] confiscated by Tokyo.
 +
*1872/12/2 The last day of the use of the [[Japanese calendar|lunar calendar]].
  
 
==Other Events of 1872==
 
==Other Events of 1872==
*The [[:Image:Meiji-official-portrait.jpg|first official photo portraits]] of [[Emperor Meiji]] are taken by [[Uchida Kuichi]] (72 shots in the first session).
+
*A school is established in Tokyo for the assimilation/education of the [[Ainu]].
 +
*The [[Asiatic Society of Japan]], a scholarly association of Western scholars, is established in [[Yokohama]].
 +
*The word ''bijutsu'' ("art") is coined, in connection with the [[1873 Vienna Exposition]] the following year.
 +
*The [[:Image:Meiji-official-portrait.jpg|first official photo portraits]] of Emperor Meiji are taken by [[Uchida Kuichi]] (72 shots in the first session).
 
*[[Fukuchiyama castle]] is destroyed.
 
*[[Fukuchiyama castle]] is destroyed.
 
*[[Geisha]] spectacles including [[Miyako odori]] and [[Kamogawa odori]] are first performed.
 
*[[Geisha]] spectacles including [[Miyako odori]] and [[Kamogawa odori]] are first performed.
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*The ''[[koseki]]'' (family register) system is established.
 
*The ''[[koseki]]'' (family register) system is established.
 
*[[Kururi castle]] is destroyed.
 
*[[Kururi castle]] is destroyed.
*[[1872 Kyoto Exposition]] includes the introduction of the ''ryûrei'' style of [[tea ceremony]], conducted seated on chairs at a table.
+
*The [[1872 Kyoto Exposition]] includes the introduction of the ''ryûrei'' style of [[tea ceremony]], conducted seated on chairs at a table.
 
*Frenchman Charles LeGendre is hired as an advisor by the Japanese government.
 
*Frenchman Charles LeGendre is hired as an advisor by the Japanese government.
*[[Maria Luz Incident]] - a Peruvian ship carrying Chinese coolies calls at [[Yokohama]], leading to a diplomatic incident when the coolies declare they are being mistreated and request aid from Japanese authorities.
+
*[[Maria Luz Incident]] - a Peruvian ship carrying Chinese coolies calls at Yokohama, leading to a diplomatic incident when the coolies declare they are being mistreated and request aid from Japanese authorities.
 
*[[Matsudaira Katamori]] ends his self-imposed confinement entered following the [[Boshin War]].
 
*[[Matsudaira Katamori]] ends his self-imposed confinement entered following the [[Boshin War]].
 
*The [[Morita-za]] [[kabuki]] theater is moved from Saruwaka-chô to Shintomi-chô, and rebuilt as a larger structure. This was the first time a theatre opened or operated outside of Saruwaka-chô since the [[1842]] edict restricting the theatres to that district.
 
*The [[Morita-za]] [[kabuki]] theater is moved from Saruwaka-chô to Shintomi-chô, and rebuilt as a larger structure. This was the first time a theatre opened or operated outside of Saruwaka-chô since the [[1842]] edict restricting the theatres to that district.
 +
*The [[Ministry of Education]] organizes an art exhibition at the [[Yushima Seido|Yushima Seidô]] in [[Tokyo]]. This is considered the first Domestic Exposition in Japan. Some 190,000 people attend.
 
*[[Education in the Meiji period|Nationwide system of elementary schools]] is established.
 
*[[Education in the Meiji period|Nationwide system of elementary schools]] is established.
 
*[[Nishio castle]] is torn down.
 
*[[Nishio castle]] is torn down.
 
*[[Odawara castle]] is torn down.
 
*[[Odawara castle]] is torn down.
*The [[Prostitute Emancipation Act]] is issued; ''[[burakumin]]'' and certain types of bonded laborers and servants are also granted a certain degree of freedom, liberties, and rights.
+
*The government issues the [[Ordinance Relating to Public Morals]] (''Ishiki kaii jorei''), banning the sale or consumption of sexually explicit art.
*Railroad connecting Tokyo to Yokohama is completed.
+
*The [[Prostitute Emancipation Act]] (''geishôgi kaihôrei'') is issued; ''[[burakumin]]'' and certain types of bonded laborers and servants are also granted a certain degree of freedom, liberties, and rights.
*[[Yanagihara Sakimitsu]], a Japanese official in Shanghai, reports back to Japan about the [[Taiwan Incident of 1871]], in which 54 Ryuykuans were killed by Taiwanese aborigines.
+
*[[Yanagihara Sakimitsu]], a Japanese official in Shanghai, reports back to Japan about the [[Taiwan Incident of 1871]], in which 54 Ryuykuans were killed by [[Taiwanese aborigines]].
 
*Ryukyuan survivors of the Taiwan incident are returned to Ryukyu via [[Fuzhou]]. King [[Sho Tai|Shô Tai]] sends his official thanks to the Chinese emperor and authorities for rescuing and returning his subjects.
 
*Ryukyuan survivors of the Taiwan incident are returned to Ryukyu via [[Fuzhou]]. King [[Sho Tai|Shô Tai]] sends his official thanks to the Chinese emperor and authorities for rescuing and returning his subjects.
 
*[[Saigo Tanomo|Saigô Tanomo]], confined since the end of the [[battle of Hakodate]], is released.
 
*[[Saigo Tanomo|Saigô Tanomo]], confined since the end of the [[battle of Hakodate]], is released.
 
*[[Takato castle|Takatô castle]] is destroyed.
 
*[[Takato castle|Takatô castle]] is destroyed.
 
*The [[Tsukiji Hotel]] (completed [[1868]]) is destroyed by fire.
 
*The [[Tsukiji Hotel]] (completed [[1868]]) is destroyed by fire.
*[[Yamaoka Tesshu|Yamaoka Tesshû]] becomes a chamberlain to [[Emperor Meiji]].
+
*Western clothing is made mandatory for government and other official circumstances.
 +
*Women are banned from having men's short haircuts.
 +
*[[Yamaoka Tesshu|Yamaoka Tesshû]] becomes a chamberlain to Emperor Meiji.
 
*[[Yanagawa castle]] burns down.
 
*[[Yanagawa castle]] burns down.
 +
 
===Births and Deaths===
 
===Births and Deaths===
 
*[[Mercator Cooper]] dies (b. [[1803]]).
 
*[[Mercator Cooper]] dies (b. [[1803]]).
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*[[Yamauchi Toyoshige]], lord of [[Tosa han]], dies.
 
*[[Yamauchi Toyoshige]], lord of [[Tosa han]], dies.
 
*[[Yamanouchi Toyosuke]] dies (b. [[1794]]).
 
*[[Yamanouchi Toyosuke]] dies (b. [[1794]]).
 +
*[[Zeng Guofan]] dies (b. [[1811]]).
 +
  
 
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Latest revision as of 20:40, 15 September 2019

Meiji 5 (明治五年)

[edit] Timeline of 1872

  • Meiji 4/12 (January 1872) Narahara Shigeru and Ijichi Sadaka lead an Imperial mission to Shuri, to discuss various matters relating to Ryukyuan obligations to Satsuma han, and policies Tokyo wishes to implement in the Ryukyus.
  • 1872/1 Ijichi Sadaka meets with the Ryukyuan regent to discuss administrative policy in the islands, under the new Meiji government.
  • 1872/3/10 The Tokyo National Museum opens.
  • 1872/4 Order Number 133, issued by the Ministry of State, abolishes public laws against the breach by clergy of their Buddhist vows.
  • 1872/4/24 Deputy Finance Minister Inoue Kaoru suggests ending Ryûkyû's tributary relations with China and incorporating Ryûkyû into Japan. The Minister of the Left opposes this suggestion, arguing that Ryûkyû should remain subordinate and not be made a han or otherwise counted as naichi, and further that since the Ryukyuans are ethnically not Japanese, the Ryukyuan king and royal family should not be made kazoku (Japanese aristocracy).
  • 1872/5 The first railroad stations and lines are opened, connecting Yokohama (today, Sakuragichô Station) with Shinagawa.
  • 1872/5 Officials from Tokyo meet with Ryukyuan officials to discuss economic matters, including the end of the minting of Okinawan coinage (which had been minted in Satsuma up until that point).
  • 1872/c. 6 The Meiji Emperor begins an Imperial tour of the provinces in Kagoshima, visiting Tsurumaru castle and the Shûseikan factory complex, among other sites.
  • 1872/7/12 The Meiji government requests, via the authorities in Kagoshima prefecture, that the Ryûkyû Kingdom is ordered to send messengers to officially congratulate the Meiji Emperor on the success of the Meiji Restoration.
  • 1872/7/16 Prince Ie Chôchoku and Giwan Chôho are nominated to lead a mission of thirty-five Ryukyuan officials to Tokyo.
  • 1872/7/25 The Ryukyuan mission departs Ryûkyû.
  • 1872/9/2 Prince Ie and Giwan Chôho arrive at Shinagawa.
  • 1872/9 The railroad connecting Yokohama to Shinagawa is extended to Shinbashi (Shiodome), and is officially opened by the Meiji Emperor.
  • 1872/9/14 Prince Ie and Giwan Chôho ueekata meet with Emperor Meiji. They are informed of the annexation by Japan of the kingdom as Ryûkyû han, and the "promotion" of King Shô Tai to "Lord of Ryûkyû han" and a member of the peerage. The envoys return to Okinawa and inform King Shô Tai of this development.
  • 1872/9/18 (Oct 20) Charles DeLong, US Diplomatic Minister resident in Japan, writes to Foreign Minister Soejima Taneomi, asking if the Japanese government was going to honor provisions agreed to in treaties between the Ryûkyû Kingdom and foreign powers.
  • 1872/9/23-27 Soejima Taneomi meets with Charles DeLong and Charles LeGendre (legal and policy advisor to the Meiji government), and is advised that since the Chinese do not exert effective (de facto) control over certain sections of Taiwan - those dominated by aborigines - the territory is essentially terra nullius, and if Japan were to occupy the territory, under Western/modern international law, it could be rightfully Japan's.
  • 1872/9 The Kingdom of Ryûkyû is released from its vassal status under Kagoshima prefecture (formerly Satsuma han), and comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The zaiban bugyôsho (Satsuma's office in Ryûkyû) is abolished, and replaced by an office of the Foreign Ministry, albeit with many of the same Satsuma/Kagoshima staff.
  • 1872/9/28 A Dajôkan Proclamation has the official copies of Ryûkyû's formal treaties with the US, France, and the Netherlands confiscated by Tokyo.
  • 1872/12/2 The last day of the use of the lunar calendar.

[edit] Other Events of 1872

[edit] Births and Deaths


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